Osteoporosis is a condition in which your bones become thin and more likely to break. Osteoporosis mainly affects older people and can affect anyone. However, some people have an increased risk of developing osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is the most common degenerative disease in developed countries because of extended lifespan. It is characterized by loss of bone and increased skeletal fragility, leading to an increased number of fractures. Risk factors and Causes of Osteoporosis is consuming more than two alcoholic drinks per day for men and more than one alcoholic drink per day for women ,Many drugs, including steroids, hormonal agents, blood thinners, anticonvulsants and certain chemotherapy drugs ,Menopause, the stopping of menstrual periods in women, whether natural, surgical or drug-induced.
Early menopause is one of the strongest predictors of the development of osteoporosis in women ,Low testoterone production in men known as hypogonadism ,Calcium or vitamin D deficiency ,Other diseases, such as hyperparathyroidism, hyperthyroidism, multiple myeloma and Cushing's syndrome. Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones become thin. It affects about 25 million americans; most of them are women above the age of 60 but men are also affected. Calcium, vitamins and exercise are the first option especially in the early stages of the disease. Women who are pregnant or are nursing, and women who have gone through menopause should have 1500 mg. of calcium a day. Eating a well-balanced diet that includes plenty of calcium and vitamin D can help build strong bones.
Calcium is the most important nutrient for reaching peak bone mass. Estrogen is the most common medication for prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in women during the time of menopause and beyond. Fosamax (alendronate) is a new drug that not only stops bone thinning but also restores some of the bone that has been lost. Calcitonin is a hormone produced in the body and has been used for some time in the treatment of osteoporosis to prevent fractures. Denosumab osteoporosis and improved bone density. Calcitonin and Parathyroid hormone are other alternative drugs that are used if a biphosphonate or strontium ranelate are not suitable. Raloxifene is approved for the prevention and treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Regular weight bearing exercise may help to prevent falls.
Osteporosis - Prevention and Treatment Tips
1. Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) can reduce the rate of bone loss in post-menopausal women
2. Raloxifene is approved for the prevention and treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis.
3. Denosumab osteoporosis and improved bone density.
4. Eating a well-balanced diet that includes plenty of calcium and vitamin D can help build strong bones.
5. Bisphsphonates drugs inhibit the activity of osteoclast cells and so prevent bone breakdown.
6. Calcitonin is a hormone that occurs naturally within the body.
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