Fetal alcohol syndrome is the manifestation of specific growth, mental, and physical birth defects associated with the mother's high levels of alcohol use during pregnancy. Fetal alcohol exposure is the leading known cause of mental retardation in the Western world. If you drink during pregnancy, you place your baby at risk of fetal alcohol syndrome. The defects that are part of fetal alcohol syndrome are irreversible and can include serious physical, mental and behavioral problems, though they vary from one child to another. As many as 40,000 babies are born with some type of alcohol-related damage each year in the United States. Fetal alcohol syndrome affects an estimated one to two out of every 1,000 births in the United States.
Consumption of alcohol by a pregnant woman may be the first indicator of potential fetal alcohol syndrome. FAS is a group of problems that can include birth defects ,abnormal facial features ,growth problems ,problems with the central nervous system ,trouble remembering and/or learning vision or hearing problems and Behavior problems. The severity of signs and symptoms varies, with some children experiencing them to a far greater degree than others. Women who are active and do not use effective birth control should also refrain from drinking. Multiple birth defects associated with "classical" fetal alcohol syndrome are more commonly associated with heavy alcohol use or alcoholism.
Several conditions or characteristics may modify risk for FAS among women who consume sufficient quantities of alcohol in pregnancy. Traditional behavioral interventions are predicated on learning theory, which is the basis for many parenting and professional strategies and interventions. Abstinence from alcohol during pregnancy absolutely prevents fetal alcohol syndrome. Active women who drink heavily or are alcoholics should use highly effective contraceptive measures. Stop drinking alcohol altogether if you're planning to become pregnant. Fetal alcohol syndrome is completely preventable in children whose mothers don't drink during pregnancy.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome - Prevention and Treatment Tips
1. Avoid Alcohol during pregnancy.
2. Use highly effective contraceptive measures.
3. Traditional behavioral interventions are predicated on learning theory.
4. Pregnancy can be an opportunity to address alcohol abuse openly.
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