Cystitis is inflammation of the urinary bladder. It can affect women and men, but is much more common in women. Common symptoms are a sharp pain when passing urine and an urgent and frequent need to pass urine, often with little or no urine being passed. Cystitis usually begins when bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra, the tube through which urine exits your body. There are several types of cystitis such as bacterial cystitis , interstitial cystitis is considered more of an injury to the bladder and rarely involves the presence of infection Esinophilic cystitis is a rare form of cystitis that is diagnosed via biopsy ,radiation cystitis and hemorrhagic cystitis. Cystitis is more common in pregnant women, active women and women after the menopause, but it can occur at any age.
Cystitis is caused by bacteria from the nearby skin that travel up the urethra and grow in your bladder, causing infection and inflammation. Cystitis occurs when the normally sterile lower urinary tract (urethra and bladder) is infected by bacteria and becomes irritated and inflamed. Women get cystitis more than men partly because the urethra is shorter and opens nearer the anus. Antibiotics are used to control bacterial infection. Pyridium may be used to reduce the burning and urgency associated with cystitis. Avoid perfumed soaps, deodorants, bubble baths, etc. There is no cure for IC/PBS, but treatments can help most people feel better. Refraining from urinating for long periods of time may allow bacteria time to multiply.
Chronic or recurrent UTI should be treated thoroughly because of the chance of kidney infection. Drinking cranberry juice may help prevent cystitis coming back, and some people use it to relieve the symptoms of an attack. Avoid potential irritants such as perfumed bath oils and deodorants. Making the urine less acidic by mixing a teaspoon of bicarbonate of soda with half a pint of water. Wear cotton underwear and avoid wearing tight trousers as this can create a warm, moist, airless condition around your genitals in which bacteria may thrive. Taking sodium citrate or potassium citrate in sachets or solutions may be helpful in easing some of the symptoms. Don't have drink alcohol while the attack lasts. Use a lubricant to reduce friction.
Cystitis - Prevention and Treatment Tips
1. Pyridium may be used to reduce the burning and urgency associated with cystitis.
2. Use a lubricant to avoid damaging the area.
3. Drink at least eight glasses of water a day.
4. Avoid perfumed soaps, deodorants, bubble baths, etc.
5. Drinking cranberry juice prevents certain types of bacteria from attaching to the wall of the bladder
6. Don't have drink alcohol while the attack lasts.
7. Always empty your bladder fully when you go to the toilet.
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