Freckles are small colored spots of melanin on the exposed skin or membrane of people with complexions fair enough for them to be visible.
Having freckles is genetic and is related to the presence of the melanocortin-1 receptor MC1R gene variant, which is dominant. Freckling can also be triggered by long exposure to sunlight, such as suntanning. When the sun's rays penetrate the skin, they activate melanocytes which can cause freckles to become darker and more numerous, although the distribution of melanin is not the same. Fair hair such as blonde, or more commonly red hair, are usually common with the genetic factor of freckles, but none so much as fair or pale skin.
Efforts to diminish the appearance of freckles go back centuries. Ancient Egyptians used oil of fenugreek to fade freckles and age spots. In more modern cultures, lemon juice was a favorite home remedy. All of that gave way to modern cosmetics and bleaching agents, none of which have been overly effective. More advanced techniques including freezing, chemical peels, dermabrasion and laser resurfacing may get rid of freckles and age spots, but such treatments can be painful, and they may damage healthy skin or cause scarring.
Efforts to get rid of freckles go back to centuries. Ancient Egyptians used oil of fenugreek to fade freckles and age spots. In more modern cultures, lemon juice was a favorite home remedy. That is what led to modern cosmetics and bleaching agencies do great efforts to help you get rid of freckles, but this might be really painful.
There are two basic types of freckles -
Ephelides - These are flat red or light-brown spots that typically appear during the summer months and fade away in the winter. These types of freckles could be hereditary.
Lentigines - Lentigines may be small tan, brown or black spot that is darker than an ephelide. This does not fade in winter. This is also a genetic condition.
However, you aren't forced to bear such pain, you can simply get rid of freckles at home. Here are some natural remedies that will help you deal with freckles at home:
Wash your face with sour milk. Lactic acid will provide gentle peeling effect without irritating or drying your skin and Apply sour cream on your face. Do not rinse this mask off completely; gently wipe off with a soft tissue and top it up with a moisturizer. For oily skin - use lemon juice before applying the mask.
Lemon juice is a tried and tested remedy for treating freckles. Apply lemon juice with your fingers on the affected area; lemon juice bleaches the dark spots.
Regular use of fruit and vegetable masks such as those made with apricots, strawberries, cucumbers and red currant will help lighten freckles.
Wash your face with sour milk. Lactic acid promotes gentle peeling of skin minus the irritation or dryness.
Heat honey slightly and apply to face, tap face gently with your fingers. Wash honey off with warm water then rinse with cool water. Stir in a little quantity of wheat germ into the honey before applying.
Natural parsley juice (or parsley infusion) mixed with equal amounts of lemon juice, orange juice, and red currant juice under your favorite cream will help you keep your freckles invisible
What do freckles look like?
Freckles are usually round, brown or tan small flat spots found on sun exposed areas (face, upper back, forearms, etc).
How is the diagnosis of freckles made?
Your physician can usually distiguish freckles from other kinds of lesions based upon the appearance of your skin.